Part 6: Consciousness in Science

Part of Contemporary Philosophy of Mind: An Annotated Bibliography

Compiled by David Chalmers, Philosophy, Australian National University. Technical support by David Bourget, University of Toronto. For more information see the main page.


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Part 6: Consciousness in Science [2080]

Part 6: Consciousness in Science

6.1 Consciousness and Neuroscience

6.1a Neural Correlates of Consciousness

Alkire, M. T. , Haier, R. J. , & James, H. F. 1998. Toward the neurobiology of consciousness: Using brain imaging and anesthesia to investigate the anatomy of consciousness. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Baars, B. J. & Newman, J. 1994. A neurobiological interpretation of the Global Workspace theory of consciousness. In (A. Revonsuo & M. Kamppinen, eds) Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Baars, B. J. 1995. Surprisingly small subcortical structures are needed for the state of wa king consciousness, while cortical projection areas seem to provide perceptual contents of consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 4:159-62. (Google)

Baars, B. J. , Newman, J. & Taylor, J. G. 1998. Neuronal mechanisms of consciousness: A relational global workspace approach. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Cited by 8 | Google)

Baars, B. J. 2001. How could brain imaging not tell us about consciousness?. Journal Of Consciousness Studies 8:24-29. (Google)

Bauer, R. 2004. In search of a neural signature of consciousness: Facts, hypotheses, and proposals. Synthese 141:233-45. (Google)

Bogen, J. E. 1995. On the neurophysiology of consciousness, part I: An overview. Consciousness and Cognition 4:52-62. (Cited by 11 | Google)

Bogen, J. E. 1995. On the neurophysiology of consciousness, part II: Constraining the semantic problem. Consciousness and Cognition 4:137-58. (Cited by 11 | Google)

Bogen, J. E. 1997. Some neurophysiologic aspects of consciousness. Seminars in Neurology 17:95-103. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Bogen, J. E. 1998. Locating the subjectivity pump: The thalamic intralaminar nuclei. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Google)

Bremer, F. 1966. Neurophysiological correlates of mental unity. In (J. Eccles, ed) Brain and Conscious Experience. Springer. (Google)

Buser, P. A. & Rougeul-Buser, A. (eds) 1978. Cerebral correlates of conscious experience. Elsevier. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Coenen, A. M. L. 1998. Neuronal phenomena associated with vigilance and consciousness: From cellular mechanisms to electroencephalographic patterns. Consciousness and Cognition 7:42-53. (Cited by 20 | Google)

Crick, F. 1984. Functions of the thalamic reticular complex: The searchlight hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 81:4586-93. (Google)

Crick, F. & Koch, C. 1990. Toward a neurobiological theory of consciousness. Seminars in the Neurosciences 2:263-275. (Google)

Crick, F. & Koch, C. 1998. Consciousness and neuroscience. Cerebral Cortex. (Cited by 157 | Google)

Crick, F. & Koch, C. 2000. The unconscious homunculus. In (T. Metzinger, ed) Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Cited by 6 | Google)

Crick, F. & Koch, C. 2003. What are the neural correlates of consciousness? In (L. van Hemmen & T. Sejnowski, ed) Problems in Systems Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Damasio, A. 2000. A neurobiology for consciousness. In (T. Metzinger, ed) Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Cited by 7 | Google)

Dimond, S. 1976. Brain circuits for consciousness. Brain, Behavior, and Evolution 13:376-95. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Duzel E. , Yonelinas A. P. , Mangun G. R. , Heinze H. J. , & Tulving E. 1997. Event-related brain potential correlates of two states of conscious awareness in memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94:5973-8. (Cited by 70 | Google)

Edelman, G. & Tononi, G. 2000. Reentry and the dynamic core: Neural correlates of conscious experience. In (T. Metzinger, ed) Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Ellis, R. 2000. Efferent brain processes and the enactive approach to consciousness. Journal Of Consciousness Studies 7:40-50. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Fell, J. 2004. Identifying neural correlates of consciousness: The state space approach. Consciousness and Cognition 13:709-29. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Flohr, H. 1990. Brain processes and phenomenal consciousness: A new and specific hypothesis. Theory and Psychology 1:245-62. (Cited by 10 | Google)

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Flohr, H. 1995. Sensations and brain processes. Behavioral Brain Research 71:157-61. (Cited by 15 | Google)

Gallese, V. 2000. The acting subject: Toward the neural basis of social cognition. In (T. Metzinger, ed) Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Cited by 21 | Google)

Gazzaniga, M. 1993. Brain mechanisms and conscious experience. In Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Consciousness (Ciba Foundation Symposium 174). Wiley. (Cited by 6 | Google)

Gazzaniga, M. 1998. Brain and conscious experience. In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Ginsburg, C. 2005. First-person experiments. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12:22-42. (Google)

Gray, J. A. 1995. The contents of consciousness: A neuropsychological conjecture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18:659-76. (Cited by 56 | Google)

Greenfield, S. 1997. How might the brain generate consciousness? Communication and Cognition 30:285-300. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Greenfield, S. 1998. A rosetta stone for mind and brain? In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Google)

Grossenbacher, P. G. (ed) 1997. Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. John Benjamins. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Goldman-Rakic, P. S. 1988. The prefrontal contribution to wor king memory and conscious experience. In (O. Creutzfeld & J. Eccles, eds) The Brain and Conscious Experience. Pontifical Academy. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Hobson, J. A. 1994. The Chemistry of Conscious States. Basic Books. (Cited by 23 | Google)

Hobson, J. A. 1997. Consciousness as a state-dependent phenomenon. In (J. Cohen & J. Schooler, eds) Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 6 | Google)

Hohwy, J. & Frith, C. 2004. Can neuroscience explain consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies 11(7-8):180-98. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Jasper, H. 1998. Sensory information and conscious experience. In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Cited by 1 | Google)

John, E. R. , Easton, P. & Isenhart, R. 1997. Consciousness and cognition may be mediated by multiple independent coherent ensembles. Consciousness and Cognition 6:3-39. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Jones, B. E. 1998. The neural basis of consciousness across the sleep-wa king cycle. In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Jung, R. 1954. Correlation of bioelectrical and autonomic phenomena with alterations of consciousness and arousal in man. In (J. Delafresnaye, ed) Brain Mechanisms and Consciousness. Blackwell. (Cited by 6 | Google)

Kahn, D. , Pace-Schott, E. F. & Hobson, J. A. 1997. Consciousness in wa king and dreaming: The roles of neuronal oscillation and neuromodulation in determining similarities and differences. Neuroscience 78:13-38. (Cited by 34 | Google)

Kanwisher, N. 2001. Neural events and perceptual awareness. Cognition 79:89-113. (Cited by 56 | Google)

Kinsbourne, M. 1988. An integrated field theory of consciousness. In (A. Marcel & E. Bisiach, eds) Consciousness in Contemporary Science. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 24 | Google)

Kinsbourne, M. 1993. Integrated cortical field model of consciousness. In (Ciba Foundation) Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Consciousness. Wiley. (Cited by 13 | Google)

Kinsbourne, M. 1995. The intralaminar thalamic nuclei: Subjectivity pumps or attention-action co-ordinators? Consciousness and Cognition 4:167-71. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Kleitman, N. 1955. The role of the cerebral cortex in the development and maintenance of consciousness. In (H. Abramson, ed) Problems of Consciousness: Transactions of the Third Conference. Josiah Macy Foundation. (Google)

Koch, C. & Crick, F. 1994. Some further ideas regarding the neuronal basis of awareness. In (C. Koch & J. Davis, eds) Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain. MIT Press. (Cited by 19 | Google)

Koch, C. & Crick, F. 2000. Some thoughts on Consciousness and neuroscience. In (M. Gazzaniga, ed) The New Cognitive Neurosciences: 2nd Edition. MIT Press.

Konno, K. , Katayama, Y. & Yamamoto, T. 2002. Consciousness and the intercortical correlation function of electroencephalograms. In (K. Yasue, M. Jibu, & T. Senta, eds) No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. (Google)

Lehmann, D. , Strik, W. K. , Henggeler, B. , Koenig, T. 1998. Brain electric microstates and momentary conscious mind states as building blocks of spontaneous thinking: I. Visual imagery and abstract thoughts. International Journal of Psychophysiology 29:1-11. (Cited by 26 | Google)

Libet, B. 1982. Brain stimulation in the study of neuronal functions for conscious sensory experiences. Human Neurobiology 1:235-42. (Cited by 27 | Google)

Libet, B. 1989. Conscious subjective experience vs. unconscious mental functions: A theory of the cerebral processes involved. In (R. Cotterill, ed) Models of Brain Function. Cambridge University Press. (Google)

Libet, B. 1996. Neural processes in the production of conscious experiences. In (M. Velmans, ed) The Science of Consciousness. Routledge. (Google)

Libet, B. 1998. Do the models offer testable proposals of brain functions for conscious experience? In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Magoun, H. W. 1954. The ascending reticular system and wakefulness. In (J. Delafresnaye, ed) Brain Mechanism and Consciousness. Blackwell. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Markowitsch H. J. 1995. Cerebral bases of consciousness: A historical view. Neuropsychologia 33:1181-1192. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Meiran, N. , Hommel, B. , Bibi, U. & Lev, I. 2002. Consciousness and control in task switching. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11:10-33. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Metzinger, T. 2000. Neural Correlates of Consciousness: Empirical and Conceptual Questions. MIT Press. (Cited by 18 | Google)

Newman, J. B. 1995. Thalamic contributions to attention and consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 4:172-93. (Cited by 39 | Google)

Newman, J. B. 1997. Putting the puzzle together: Toward a general theory of the neural correlates of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 4:47-66, 4:100-121. (Cited by 26 | Google)

Newman, J. B. & Baars, B. J. 1993. A neural attentional model for access to consciousness: A global workspace perspective. Concepts in Neuroscience 4:255-90. (Cited by 38 | Google)

Northoff, G. 2003. Qualia and the ventral prefrontal cortical function 'neurophenomenological' hypothesis. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10(8):14-48. (Google)

O'Keefe, J. 1985. Is consciousness the gateway to the hippocampal cognitive map? A speculative essay on the neural basis of mind. In (D. Oakley, ed) Brain and Mind. Methuen. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Orpwood R. D. 1994. A possible neural mechanism underlying consciousness based on the pattern processing capabilities of pyramidal neurons in the cerebral cortex. Journal of Theoretical Biology 169:403-18. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Osaka, N. 2003. Issues in neural basis of consciousness: An introduction. In (N. Osaka, ed) Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins. (Google)

Osaka, N. (ed) 2003. Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Parvizi, J. & Damasio, A. 2001. Consciousness and the brainstem. Cognition 79:135-59. (Cited by 23 | Google)

Penfield, W. 1937. The cerebral cortex and consciousness. In The Harvey Lectures. Reprinted in (R. Wilkins, ed) Neurosurgical Classics. Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1965. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Penfield, W. 1955. The permanent record of the stream of consciousness. Acta Psychologica 11:47-69. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Perry, E. , Ashton, H. , & Young, A. (eds) 2002. Neurochemistry of Consciousness: Neurotransmitters in Mind. John Benjamins. (Google)

Posner, J. B. 1978. Coma and other states of consciousness: The differential diagnosis of brain death. Annals of the New York Academy of Science. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Raichle, M. 2000. The neural correlates of consciousness: An analysis of cognitive skill learning. In (M. Gazzaniga, ed) The New Cognitive Neurosciences: 2nd Edition. MIT Press. (Cited by 30 | Google)

Rapcsak, S. & Kaszniak, A. 2000. Searching for the neural correlates of consciousness: Clues from face recognition research. Brain & Cognition 42:37-40. (Google)

Rudell, A. P. & Hua, J. 1996. The recognition potential and conscious awareness. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology 98:309-318. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Sewards, T. & Sewards, M. 2000. The awareness of thirst: Proposed neural correlates. Consciousness & Cognition 9:463-487. (Cited by 7 | Google)

Smythies, J. 1997. The functional neuroanatomy of awareness: With a focus on the role of various anatomical systems in the control of intermodal attention. Consciousness and Cognition 6:455-81. (Cited by 21 | Google)

Sokolov, E. N. 1992. The neurophysiological mechanisms of consciousness. Journal of Russian and East European Psychology 30:6-12. (Google)

Strehler, B. L. 1991. Where is the self?: A neuroanatomical theory of consciousness. Synapse 7:44-91. (Google)

Stuss, D. T. 1991. Self, awareness, and the frontal lobes: A neuropsychological perspective. In (J. Strauss, ed) The Self: Interdisciplinary Approaches. Springer-Verlag. (Cited by 27 | Google)

Stuss D. T. , Picton, T. W. , & Alexander M. P. 2001. Consciousness, self-awareness and the frontal lobes. In (S. Salloway, P. Malloy, & J. Duffy, eds) The Frontal Lobes and Neuropsychiatric Illness. American Psychiatric Press. Taylor, J. G, 1998. Cortical activity and the explanatory gap. Consciousness and Cognition 7:109-48. (Cited by 19 | Google)

Taylor, J. G. 2001. Functional brain imaging to search for consciousness needs attention. Journal Of Consciousness Studies 8:39-43. (Google)

Tononi, G. & Edelman, G. 1998. Consciousness and the integration of information in the brain. In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Umilta, C. 2000. Conscious experience depends on multiple brain systems. European Psychologist 5:3-11. (Google)

Vanderwolf, C. 2000. Are neocortical gamma waves related to consciousness? Brain Research 855:217-224. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Verfaellie, M. & Keane, M. M. 1997. The neural basis of aware and unaware forms of memory. Seminars in Neurology 17:153-61. (Cited by 8 | Google)

Woolf, N. J. 1997. A possible role for cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain and pontomesencephalon in consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 6:574-596. (Cited by 13 | Google)

Zeman, A. 2004. Theories of visual awareness. Progress in Brain Research 144:321-29. (Cited by 1 | Google)

6.1b Neural Correlates of Visual Consciousness (see also 6.1c)

Anderson, R. A. 1997. Neural mechanisms in visual motion perception in primates. Neuron 18:865-872. (Google)

Cowey, A. 1996. Visual awareness: Still at sea with seeing? Current Biology 6:45-47. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Crick, F. & Koch, C. 1995. Cortical areas in visual awareness. Nature 377:294-5. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Crick, F. & Koch, C. 1995. Are we aware of neural activity in primary visual cortex? Nature 375:121-23. (Cited by 225 | Google)

Driver, J. , Vullumieur, P. , Eimer, M. & Rees, G. 2001. fMRI and ERP correlates of conscious and unconscious vision in parietal extinction patients. NeuroImage 14:S68-75 (Google)

Eriksson, J. , Larsson, A. , Alstrom, K. , & Nyberg, L. 2004. Visual consciousness: Dissociating the neural correlates of perceptual transitions from sustained perception with fMRI. Consciousness and Cognition 13:61-72. (Google)

Farah, M. J. , O'Reilly, R. C. & Vecera, S. P. 1997. The neural correlates of perceptual awareness: Evidence from covert recognition in prosopagnosia. In (J. Cohen & J. Schooler, eds) Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Farah, M. 2000. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision. Blackwell Publishers. (Cited by 46 | Google)

Feinstein, J. , Stein, M. , Castillo, G. , & Paulus, M. 2004. From sensory processes to conscious perception. Consciousness and Cognition 13:323-335. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Ffytche, D. 2000. Imaging conscious vision. In (T. Metzinger, ed) Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Google)

Goodale, M. A. & Milner, A. D. 1992. Separate visual pathways for perception and action. Trends in Neuroscience 15:20-25. (Cited by 585 | Google)

Goodale, M. & Murphy, K. 2000. Space in the brain: Different neural substrates for allocentric and egocentric frames of reference. In (T. Metzinger, ed) Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Google)

Hubel, D. H. 1998. Recordings from the striate cortex in awaje behaving animals. In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Google)

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Kobayashi, T. & Kato, K. 2002. Reactivity of human cortical oscillations reflecting conscious perception in binocular rivalry. In (K. Yasue, M. Jibu, & T. Senta, eds) No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. (Google)

Koch, C. 1995. Visual awareness and the thalamic intralaminar nuclei. Consciousness and Cognition 4:163-66. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Koch, C. 1996. Toward the neuronal substrate of visual consciousness. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Google)

Koch, C. 1998. The neuroanatomy of visual consciousness. In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Koch, C. & Braun, J. 1996. Toward the neuronal correlate of visual awareness. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 6:158-64. (Google)

Kreiman, G. , Fried, I. , & Koch, C. 2002. Single-neuron correlates of subjective vision in the human medial temporal lobe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 99:8378-8383. (Cited by 20 | Google)

Lamme, V. A. F. 2001. Neural mechanisms of visual awareness: A lin king proposition. Brain and Mind 1:385-406. (Google)

Lamme, V. A. F. , Super, H. Landman, R. Roelfsema, P. R. & Spekreijse, H. 2000. The role of primary visual cortex (V1) in visual awareness. Vision Research 40:1507-21.

Leopold, D. A. & Logothetis, N. K. 1996. Activity changes in early visual cortex reflect monkeys' percepts during binocular rivalry. Nature 379: 549-553. (Cited by 199 | Google)

Leopold, D. , Maier, A. , & Logothetis, N. 2003. Measuring subjective visual perception in the nonhuman primate. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10(9-10):115-130. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Logothetis, N. & Schall, J. 1989. Neuronal correlates of subjective visual perception. Science 245:761-63. (Cited by 145 | Google)

Logothetis, N. K. , Leopold, D. A. & Sheinberg, D. L. 1996. What is rivalling during binocular rivalry? Nature 30(6575):621-624. (Cited by 114 | Google)

Logothetis, N. K. & Leopold, D. A. 1998. Single-neuron activity and visual perception. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Logothetis, N. K. 1999. Binocular rivalry: A window onto consciousness. Scientific American. (Google)

Logothetis, N. Leopold, A. & Sheinberg, D. 2003. Neural mechanisms of perceptual organization. In (N. Osaka, ed) Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins. (Google)

Lumer, E. 2000. Binocular rivalry and human visual awareness. In (T. Metzinger, ed) Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Lumer, E. D. , Friston, K. J. , & Rees, G. 1998. Neural correlates of perceptual rivalry in the human brain. Science 28:1930. (Cited by 161 | Google)

Marzi, C. , Girelli, M. , Miniussi, C. , Smania, N. , & Maravita, A. 2000. Electrophysiological correlates of conscious vision: Evidence from unilateral extinction. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12:869-877.

Milner, A. D. 1995. Cerebral correlates of visual awareness. Neuropsychologia 33:1117-30. (Cited by 28 | Google)

Milner, A. D. 1998. Streams and consciousness: Visual awareness and the brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2:25-30. (Cited by 18 | Google)

Milner, A. D. & Goodale, M. A. 1995. The Visual Brain in Action. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 888 | Google)

Naccache, L. 2004. The cerebral substrate of visual consciousness: A neurological approach. Revue Neurologique 160:395-400. (Google)

Pins, D. , & Ffytche, D. 2003. The neural correlates of conscious vision. Cerebral Cortex 13:461-74. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Pollen, D. A. 2003. Explicit neural representations, recursive neural networks and conscious visual perception. Cerebral Cortex 13:807-814. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Prinz, J. J. 2000. A neurofunctional theory of visual consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 9:243-59. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Rees, G. 2001. Neuroimaging of visual awareness in patients and normal subjects. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 11(2):150-156. (Cited by 25 | Google)

Rees, G. , Kreiman, G. & Koch, C. 2002. Neural correlates of consciousness in humans. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3:261-270 (Cited by 59 | Google)

Rees, G. , Wojciulik, E. , Clarke, K. , Husain, M. , Frith, C. D. , & Driver J. 2002. Neural correlates of conscious and unconscious vision in parietal extinction. Neurocase 8: 387-93

Rees, G. , Wojciulik, E. , Clarke, K. , Husain, M. , Frith, C. D. , & Driver, J. 2000. Unconscious activation of visual cortex in the damaged right hemisphere of a parietal patient with extinction. Brain 123:1624-1633.

Sewards, T. & Sewards, M. 2000. Visual awareness due to neuronal activities in subcortical structures: A proposal. Consciousness & Cognition 9:86-116 (Cited by 8 | Google)

Sheinberg, D. L. & Logothetis, N. K. 1997. The role of temporal cortical areas in perceptual organization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 94:3408-3413. (Cited by 148 | Google)

Stoerig P. & Cowey A. 1995. Visual perception and phenomenal consciousness. Behavioural Brain Research 71:147-156. (Cited by 11 | Google)

Stoerig, P. 2001. The neuroanatomy of phenomenal vision: A psychological perspective. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 929:176-94. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Thompson, K. G. & Schall, J. D. 2000. Antecedents and correlates of visual detectoin and awareness in macaque prefrontal cortex. Vision Research 40:1523-38. (Google)

Tong, F. , Nakayama, K. , Vaughan, J. T. & Kanwisher, N. 1998. Binocular rivalry and visual awareness in human extrastriate cortex. Neuron 21:753-59.

Tong, F. 2001. Competing theories of binocular rivalry: A possible resolution. Brain and Mind 2:55-83. (Cited by 17 | Google)

Tononi, G. Srinivasan, R, Russell, D. P. & Edelman, G. M. 1998. Investigating neural correlates of conscious perception by frequency-tagged neuromagnetic responses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 95:3198-3203.

Vanni, S. , Revonsuo, A. , Saarinen, J. & Hari, R. 1996. Visual awareness of objects correlates with activity of right occipital cortex. Neuroreport 8:183-186. (Cited by 21 | Google)

Zeki, S. & Bartels, A. 1999. Toward a theory of visual consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 8:225-59. (Cited by 36 | Google)

6.1c Blindsight

Azzopardi, P. , & Cowey, A. 1997. Is blindsight like normal, near-threshold vision? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 94:14190. (Cited by 22 | Google)

Barbur, J. L. , Watson, J. D. G. , Frackowiak, R. D. G. , & Zeki, S. 1993. Conscious visual perception without V1. Brain 116:1293-1302.

Braddick, O. , Atkinson, J. , Hood, B. , Harkness, W. 1992. Possible blindsight in infants lac king one cerebral hemisphere. Nature 360:461-463. (Cited by 23 | Google)

Campion, J, Latto, R. , & Smith, Y. 1983. Is blindsight an effect of scattered light, spared cortex, and near-threshold vision? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6:423-86. (Cited by 40 | Google)

Carey, D. P. , Goodale, M. A. & Sprowl, E. G. 1990. Blindsight in rodents: The use of a "high-level" distance cue in gerbils with lesions of primary visual cortex. Behavioural Brain Research 38:283-289. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Cowey, A. 1995. Blindsight in real sight. Nature 377:290-1. (Cited by 7 | Google)

Cowey, A. 1995. Blindsight in monkeys. Nature 373:247-9. (Cited by 63 | Google)

Cowey, A. & Stoerig, P. 1991. The neurobiology of blindsight. Trends in Neurosciences 14:140-5. (Cited by 56 | Google)

Cowey, A. & Stoerig, P. 1992. Reflections on blindsight. In (A. Milner & M. Rugg, eds) The Neuropsychology of Consciousness. Academic Press. (Cited by 16 | Google)

Cowey, A. & Stoerig, P. 1997. Visual detection in monkeys with blindsight. Neuopsychologia 35:929-39. (Cited by 15 | Google)

Danckert, J. & Goodale, M. 2000. Blindsight: A conscious route to unconscious vision. Current Biology 10:R64-R67. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Gazzaniga, M. S. , Fendrich, R. & Wessinger, C. M. 1994. Blindsight reconsidered. Current Directions in Psychological Science 3:93-96. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Graves, R. E. & Jones, B. S. 1992. Conscious visual perceptual awareness vs. non-conscious visual spatial localisation examined with normal subjects using possible analogues of blindsight and neglect. Cognitive Neuropsychology 9:487-508. (Google)

Guzeldere, G. , Flanagan, O. , & Hardcastle, V. 2000. The nature and function of consciousness: Lessons from blindsight. In (M. Gazzaniga, ed) The New Cognitive Neurosciences: 2nd Edition. MIT Press. (Google)

Heywood, C. A. , Cowey, A. & Newcombe, F. 1991. Chromatic discrimination in a cortically colour-blind observer. European Journal of Neuroscience 3:802-12. (Google)

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6.1d Other Neuropsychological Disorders

Ballard, C. et al. 2002. Disturbances of conscious in dementia with Lewy bodies assocated with alterantion in nicotonic receoptor binding in the temporal cortex. Consciousness and Cognition 11:461-474. (Google)

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6.1e Cerebral Hemispheres and Consciousness

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6.1f Neural Timing and Consciousness (Libet, etc)

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6.1g Neural Synchrony and Binding

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6.1h Consciousness and Anesthesia

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6.1i Consciousness and Coma

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6.1j Foundational Issues

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6.1k Consciousness and Neuroscience, Misc

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6.2 Consciousness and Psychology

6.2a Cognitive Models of Consciousness

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6.2b Unconscious Perception

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6.2c Unconscious Processes

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6.2d Visual Consciousness [see also 6.1b, 6.1c, 6.2b, 6.2f, 6.2l]

Bachmann, T. 1997. Visibility of brief images: The dual-process approach. Consciousness and Cognition 6:491-518. (Cited by 5 | Google)

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Durgin, F. 2002. The tinkerbell effect: Motion, perception and illusion. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9:88-101. (Cited by 2 | Google)

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6.2e Change/Inattentional Blindness

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6.2f Consciousness and Attention [see also 6.2e]

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6.2g Consciousness and Memory

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6.2h Consciousness and Learning

Berry, D. C. 1994. Implicit learning: Twenty-five years on. A tutorial. In (C. Umilta and M. Moscovitch, eds) Consciousness and Unconscious Information Processing: Attention and Performance 15. MIT Press. (Cited by 99 | Google)

Berry, D. C. 1997. How Implicit is Implicit Learning?. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 37 | Google)

Berry, D. C. & Dienes, Z. (eds) 1993. Implicit Learning: Theoretical and Empirical Issues. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. (Cited by 99 | Google)

Brody, N. 1989. Unconscious learning of rules: Comment on Reber's analysis of implicit learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118:236-238. (Cited by 11 | Google)

Brunstrom, J. M. 2004. Does dietary learning occur outside awareness? Consciousness and Cognition 13:453-470. (Google)

Carlson, R. A. & Dulany, D. E. 1985. Conscious attention and abstraction in concept learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 11:45-58. (Cited by 8 | Google)

Cleeremans, A. 1993. Mechanisms of implicit learning: Connectionist models of sequence processing. (Google)

Conway, M. A. , Collins, A. F. , Anderson, S. J. , & Cohen, G. 1998. Changes in memory awareness during learning: The acquisition of knowledge by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

Devriese, S. , Winters, W. , van Diest, I. & van den Bergh, O. 2004. Contingency awareness in a symptom learning paradigm: Necessary but not sufficient? Consciousness and Cognition 13:439-452

Dienes, Z. & Berry, D. 1997. Implicit learning: Below the subjective threshold. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 4:3-23. (Cited by 99 | Google)

Dienes, Z. & Perner, J. 2003. Unifying consciousness with explicit knowledge. In (A. Cleeremans, ed) The Unity of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Dulany, D. E. 1968. Awareness, rules, and propositional control: A confrontation with S-R behavior theory. In (T. Dixon & D. Horton, eds) Verbal Behavior and General Behavior Theory. Prentice-Hall. (Cited by 6 | Google)

Dulany, D. E. , Carlson, R. A. & Dewey, G. I. 1984. A case of syntactical learning and judgment: How conscious and how abstract? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 113:541-555. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Dulany, D. E. , Carlson, R. A. , Dewey, G. I. 1985. On consciousness in syntactic learning and judgment: A reply to Reber, Allen, and Regan. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 114:25-32. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Furedy, J. , Damke, B. , & Boucsein, W. 2000. Revisiting the learning-without-awareness question in human Pavlovian autonomic conditioning: Focus on extinction in a dichotic listening paradigm. Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science 35:17-34. (Google)

Gardiner, J. M. 1996. On consciousness in relation to memory and learning. In (M. Velmans, ed) The Science of Consciousness. Routledge. (Google)

Jimenez, L. (ed) 2003. Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Jimenez, L. 2003. Intention, attention, and consciousness in probabilistic sequence learning. In (L. Jiménez, ed) Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Kihlstrom, J. F. 1996. Perception without awareness of what is perceived, learning without awareness of what is learned. In (M. Velmans, ed) The Science of Consciousness. Routledge. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Lambert, T. 2003. Visual orienting, learning and conscious awareness. In (L. Jiménez, ed) Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins. (Google)

Manns, J. , Clark, R. , & Squire, L. 2000. Awareness predicts the magnitude of single-cue trace eyeblink conditioning. Hippocampus 10:181-186. (Cited by 15 | Google)

Marton, F. & Booth, S. A. 1997. Learning and Awareness. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 394 | Google)

Neal, A. & Hesketh, B. 1997. Episodic knowledge and implicit learning. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 4:24-37. (Cited by 28 | Google)

Neal, A. & Hesketh, B. 1997. Future directions for implicit learning: Toward a clarification of issues associated with knowledge representation and consciousness. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 4:73-78. (Google)

Perruchet, P. , Gallego, J. & Savy, I. 1990. A critical reappraisal of the evidence for unconscious abstraction of deterministic rules in complex experimental situations. Cognitive Psychology 22:493-516. (Cited by 19 | Google)

Perruchet, P. & Pacteau, C. 1990. Synthetic grammar learning: Implicit rule abstraction or explicit fragmentary knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119:264-75. (Cited by 90 | Google)

Perruchet, P. , Vinter, A. , & Gallego, J. 1997. Implicit learning shapes new conscious percepts and representations. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 4:43-48. (Cited by 20 | Google)

Perruchet, P. & Vinter, A. 2003. Lin king learning and consciousness: The self-organizing consciousness (SOC) Model. In (A. Cleeremans, ed) The Unity of Consciousness. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Reber, A. S. 1967. Implicit learning of artificial grammars. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 6:855-863. (Cited by 202 | Google)

Reber, A. S. 1989. Implicit learning and tacit knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118:219-35. (Cited by 189 | Google)

Reber, A. S. 1993. Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 189 | Google)

Reber, A. S. 1997. How to differentiate implicit and explicit modes of acquisition. In (J. Cohen & J. Schooler, eds) Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Reber, A. S. , Allen, R. , & Regan, S. 1985. Syntactical learning and judgment, still unconscious and still abstract: Comment on Dulany, Carlson, and Dewey. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 114:17-24. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Shanks, D. R. , Green, R. E. A. , & Kolodny, J. A. 1994. A critical examination of the evidence for unconscious (implicit) learning. In (C. Umilta and M. Moscovitch, eds) Consciousness and Unconscious Information Processing: Attention and Performance 15. MIT Press. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Shanks, D. R. & St. John, M. F. 1994. Characteristics of dissociable human learning systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17:367-447. (Google)

Shanks, D. 2003. Attention and awareness in 'implicit' sequence learning. In (L. Jiminez, ed) Attention and Implicit Learning. John Benjamins. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Sno, H. 2000. Deja vu and jamais vu. In (G. Berrios & J. Hodges, eds) Memory Disorders in Psychiatric Practice. Cambridge University Press. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Stadler, M. A. & Roediger, H. L. 1998. The question of awareness in research on implicit learning. In (M. Stadler & P. Frensch, eds) Handbook of Implicit Learning. Sage Publications (Cited by 10 | Google)

Stadler, M. A. , & Frensch, P. A. 1998. Handbook of Implicit Learning. Sage Publications. (Cited by 63 | Google)

Whittlesea, B. W. A. & Dorken, M. D. 1997. Implicit learning: Indirect, not unconscious. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 4:63-67. (Cited by 14 | Google)

Wong, P. S. , Bernat, E,. Bunce, S,. & Shevrin, H. 1997. Brain indices of nonconscious associative learning. Consciousness and Cognition 6:519-544. (Cited by 17 | Google)

6.2i Consciousness and Metacognition

Brown, R. & McNeill, D. 1966. The "tip of the tongue" phenomenon. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 5:325-37. (Cited by 155 | Google)

Brown, S. 2000. Tip-of-the-tongue phenomena: An introductory phenomenological analysis. Consciousness & Cognition 9:516-537. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Fernandez-Duque, D. , Baird, J. A. , & Posner, M. I. 2000. Executive attention and metacognitive regulation. Consciousness and Cognition 9:288-307. (Cited by 30 | Google)

Fernandez-Duque, D. , Baird, J. A. , & Posner, M. I. 2000. Attention and awareness in self regulation [rely to commentaries]. Consciousness and Cognition 9:324-326.

Hart, J. T. 1965. Memory and the feeling-of-knowing experience. Journal of Educational Psychology 56:208-16. (Cited by 51 | Google)

NJohnson, M. K. 1988. Reality monitoring: An experimental phenomenological approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 117:390-94. (Google)

Johnson, M. K. 1991. Reflection, reality monitoring, and the self. In (R. Kunzendorf, ed) Mental Imagery. Plenum Press. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Johnson, M. K. & Reeder, J. A. 1997. Consciousness as meta-processing. In (J. Cohen & J. Schooler, eds) Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 14 | Google)

Kahan, T. L. & LaBerge, S. 1994. Lucid dreaming as metacognition: Implications for cognitive science. Consciousness & Cognition 3:246-64. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Mangan, B. 2000. What feeling is the "feeling of knowing?" Consciousness & Cognition 9:538-544. (Google)

Metcalfe, J. & Shimamura, P. 1994. Metacognition: Knowing about Knowing. MIT Press. (Cited by 69 | Google)

Nelson, T. O. 1996. Consciousness and metacognition. American Psychologist 51:102-16. (Cited by 68 | Google)

Nelson, T. O. 1992. Metacognition: Core Readings. Allyn and Bacon. (Cited by 29 | Google)

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Reder, L. M. (ed) 1996. Implicit Memory and Metacognition. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 22 | Google)

Reder, L. M. & Schunn, C. D. 1996. Metacognition does not imply awareness: Strategy choice is governed by implicit learning and memory. In (L. Reder, ed) Implicit Memory and Metacognition. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 34 | Google)

Ricciardelli, L. A. 1993. Two components of metalinguistic awareness: Control of linguistic processing and analysis of linguistic knowledge. Applied Psycholinguistics 14:349-367. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Rosenthal, D. M. 1998. Consciousness and metacognition. In (D. Sperber, ed) Metarepresentation. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 8 | Google)

Wegner, D. M. 1989. White Bears and Other Unwanted Thoughts: Suppression, Obsession, and the Psychology of Mental Control. Penguin. (Cited by 97 | Google)

Wegner, D. M. 1997. Why the mind wanders. In (J. Cohen & J. Schooler, eds) Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 2 | Google)

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Wilson, T. D. 1997. The psychology of metapsychology. In (J. Cohen & J. Schooler, eds) Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Google)

6.2j Consciousness and Control

Bargh, J. A. 1996. Automaticity in social psychology. In (E. Higgins & A. Kruglanski, eds) Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles. Guilford. (Cited by 65 | Google)

Bargh, J. A. 1994. The four horsemen of automaticity: Awareness, intention, efficiency, and control in social cognition. In (R. Wyer & T. Srull, eds) Handbook of Social Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 164 | Google)

Bayles, G. H. & Cleary, P. J. 1986. The role of awareness in the control of frontalis muscle activity. Biological Psychology 22:23-35. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Carr, T. H. , McCauley, C. , Sperber, R. D. , & Parmelee, C. M. 1982. Words, pictures, and priming: On semantic activation, conscious identification, and the automaticity of information processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance 8:757-777.

Dewan, E. M. 1976. Consciousness as an emergent causal agent in the context of control system theory. In (G. Globus, G. Maxwell, & I. Savodnik, eds) Consciousness and the Brain. Plenum Press. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Gott, P. S. , Hughes, E. C. & Whipple, K. 1984. Voluntary control of two lateralized conscious states: Validation of electrical and behavioral studies. Neuropsychologia 22:65-72. (Google)

Gordon, A. M. & Rosenbaum, D. A. 1984. Conscious and subconscious arm movements: Application of signal detection theory to motor control. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22:214-216. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Gray, J. A. 1998. Abnormal contents of consciousness: The transition from automatic to controlled processing. In (H. Jasper, L. Descarries, V. Castellucci, & S. Rossignol, eds) Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. Lippincott-Raven. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Hilgard, E. R. 1979. Consciousness and control: Lessons from hypnosis. Australian Journal of Clinical & Experimental Hypnosis 7:103-15. (Google)

Horowitz, M. J. & Stinson, C. H. 1995. Consciousness and processes of control. Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research 4:123-139. (Google)

Jacoby, L. L. 1991. A process dissociation framework: Separating automatic from bintentional uses of memory. Journal of Memory and Language 30:513-41. (Cited by 561 | Google)

Jacoby, L. L. , Ste-Marie, D. & Toth, J. P. 1993. Redefining automaticity: Unconscious influences, awareness, and control. In (A. Baddeley & L. Weiskrantz, eds) Attention: Selection, Awareness,and Control. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Kamiya, J. 1968. Conscious control of brain waves. Psychology Today 1:56-60. (Cited by 13 | Google)

Knoblich, G. & Kircher, T. T. J. 2004. Deceiving oneself about being in control: Conscious detection of changes in visuomotor coupling. Journal of Experimental Psychology - Human Perception and Performance 30:657-66. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Langer, E. J. 1992. Matters of mind: Mindfulness/mindlessness in perspective. Consciousness and Cognition 1:289-305. (Cited by 16 | Google)

Oswald, M. & Gadenne, V. 2000. Are controlled processes conscious? In (W. Perrig & A. Grob, eds) Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. (Google)

Plotkin, W. B. 1976. On the self-regulation of the occipital alpha rhythm: Control strategies, states of consciousness, and the role of physiological feedback. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105:66-99. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Plotkin, William B. 1981. A rapprochement of the operant-conditioning and awareness views of biofeedback training: The role of discrimination in voluntary control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 110:415-428. (Google)

Posner, M. & Snyder, C. R. R. 1975. Attention and cognitive control. In (R. Solso, ed) Information Processing and Cognition: The Loyola Symposium. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 321 | Google)

Raichle, M. E. 1997. Automaticity: From reflective to reflexive information processing. In (M. Ito, Y. Miyashita, & E. T. Rolls, eds) Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Schneider, W. E. & Shiffrin, R. M. 1977. Controlled and automatic human information processing: I. Detection, search, and attention. Psychological Review 84:1-66.

Shiffrin, R. M. & Schneider, W. E. 1977. Controlled and automatic human information processing: II. Perceptual learning, automatic attending, and a general theory. Psychological Review 84:128-90. (Cited by 659 | Google)

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Tzelgov, J. , Porat, Z. & Henik, A. 1997. Automaticity and consciousness: Is perceiving the word necessary for reading it? American Journal of Psychology 110:429-48. (Cited by 9 | Google)

Tzelgov, J. 1997. Automatic but conscious: That is how we act most of the time. In (R. Wyer, ed) The Automaticity of Everyday Life. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Cited by 11 | Google)

Uleman, J. S. 1987. Consciousness and control: The case of spontaneous trait inferences. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 13:337-54. (Cited by 23 | Google)

Umilta, C. 1988. The control operations of consciousness. In (A. Marcel & E. Bisiach, eds) Consciousness in ContemporaryScience. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 10 | Google)

White, W. A. 1920. Extending the field of conscious control. Mental Hygiene 4:857-66. (Google)

Zelazo, P. D. & Frye, D. 1997. Cognitive complexity and control: A theory of the development of deliberate reasoning and intentional action. In (M. Stamenov, ed) Language Structure, Discourse, and the Access to Consciousness. John Benjamins. (Cited by 50 | Google)

Zelazo, P. D. 2004. The development of conscious control in childhood. Trends in Cognitive Science 8:12-17. (Cited by 10 | Google)

6.2k Consciousness and Action [see also 1.6e, 3.8, 6.2j]

Baars, B. J. 1987. What is conscious in the control of action? A modern ideomotor theory of voluntary action. In (D. Gorfein & R. Hoffman, eds) Learning and Memory: The Ebbinghaus Centennial Symposium. Lawrence Erlbaum. (Google)

Baars, B. J. 1992. Experimental Slips and Human Error: Exploring the Architecture of Volition. Plenum Press. (Cited by 29 | Google)

Baars, B. J. 1993. Why volition is a foundation issue for psychology. Consciousness and Cognition 2:281-309. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Bargh, J. A. 1996. Automaticity in action: The unconscious as repository of chronic goals and motives. In (P. Gollwitzer & J. Bargh, eds) The Psychology of Action: Lin king Cognition and Motivation to Behavior. Guilford. (Cited by 56 | Google)

Daprati, E. , Franck, N. , Georgieff, N. ,; Proust, J. 1997. Loo king for the agent: An investigation into consciousness of action and self-consciousness in schizophrenic patients. Cognition 65:71-86. (Cited by 86 | Google)

Davis, L. 1982. What is it like to be an agent? Erkenntnis 18:195-213. (Google)

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Delabarre, E. B. 1912. Volition and motor consciousness: Theory. Psychological Bulletin 9:409-13.

Delabarre, E. B. 1913. Volition and motor consciousness. Psychological Bulletin 10:441-44. (Google)

de Vignemont, F. & Fourneret, P. 2004. The sense of agency: A philosophical and empirical review of the "Who" system. Consciousness and Cognition 13:1-19. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Gallagher, S. 2004. Agency, ownership, and alien control in schizophrenia. In (D. Zahavi, T. Grunbaum, & J. Parnas, eds) The Structure and Development of Self-Consciousness: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. John Benjamins. (Google)

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Haggard, P. & Clark, S. 2003. Intentional action: Conscious experience and neural prediction. Consciousness and Cognition 12:695-707. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Haggard, P. & Johnson, H. 2003. Experiences of voluntary action. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10(9-10):72-84. (Cited by 6 | Google)

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Horgan, T. , Tienson, J. , & Graham, G. 2003. The phenomenology of first-person agency. In (S. Walter & H. Heckmann, eds) Physicalism and Mental Causation. Imprint Academic. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Hossack, K. 2003. Consciousness in act and action. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2:187-203. (Cited by 2 | Google)

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Kimble, G. A. & Perlmuter, L. C. 1970. The problem of volition. Psychological Review 77:361-84. (Cited by 25 | Google)

Libet, B. 1985. Unconscious cerebral initiative and the role of conscious will in voluntary action. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8:529-566. (Cited by 174 | Google)

Mangan, B. 2003. Volition and property dualism. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10:29-34. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Metzinger, T. & Gallese, V. 2003. The emergence of a shared action ontology: Building blocks for a theory. Consciousness and Cognition 12:549-571. (Cited by 11 | Google)

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Smith, D. W. 1992. Consciousness in action. Synthese 90:119-43. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Wegner, D. & Wheatley, T. 1999. Apparent mental causation: sources of the experience of will. American Psychologist 54:480-492. (Cited by 74 | Google)

Wegner, D. 2002. The Illusion of Conscious Will. MIT Press. (Cited by 111 | Google)

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6.2l Consciousness and Imagery

Ahsen, A. 1991. Imagery and consciousness: Putting together poetic, mythic and social realities. Journal of Mental Imagery 15:63-97. (Google)

Ahsen, A. 1991. A second report on AA-VVIQ: Role of vivid and unvivid images in consciousness research. Journal of Mental Imagery 15:1-31. (Google)

Ahsen, A. 1993. Imagery paradigm: Imaginative consciousness in the experimental and clinical setting. Journal of Mental Imagery. (Google)

Arnheim, R. 1994. Consciousness: An island of images. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 14:121-27. (Google)

Bichowsky, F. R. 1926. The mechanism of consciousness: Images. American Journal of Psychology 37:557-564. (Google)

Frick, R. W. 1987. A dissociation of conscious visual imagery and visual short-term memory. Neuropsychologia 25:707-12. (Google)

Hampson, P. J. & Morris, P. E. 1990. Imagery, consciousness, and cognitive control: The BOSS model reviewed. In (P. Hampson, D. Marks, & J. Richardson, Eds) Imagery: Current Developments. Routledge. (Google)

Hebb, D. O. 1968. Concerning imagery. Psychological Review 75:466-77. (Cited by 31 | Google)

Horne, P. V. 1993. The nature of imagery. Consciousness and Cognition 2:58-82. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Hubbard, T. L. 1996. The importance of a consideration of qualia to imagery and cognition. Consciousness and Cognition 3:327-58. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Ishai, A. & Sagi, D. 1998. Visual imagery and visual perception: The role of memory and conscious awareness. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Google)

Krellenstein, M. F. 1995. Unsolvable problems, visual imagery, and explanatory satisfaction. Journal of Mind and Behavior 16:235-54. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Kunzendorf, R. G. 1990. The causal efficacy of consciousness in general, imagery in particular: A materialist perspective. In (R. Kunzendorf, ed) Mental Imagery. Plenum Press. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Kunzendorf, R. G. , Justice, M. , & Capone, D. 1997. Conscious images as "centrally excited sensations": A developmental study of imaginal influences on the ERG. Journal of Mental Imagery 21:155-66. (Google)

Lehmann, D. , Henggler, B. , Koukkan, M. & Michel, M. 1993. Source localization of brain electric field frequency bands during conscious, spontaneous visual imagery and abstract thought. Cognitive Brain Research 1:203-20. (Cited by 8 | Google)

Mandler, G. 1984. Consciousness, imagery, and emotion -- with special reference to autonomic imagery. Journal of Mental Imagery 8:87-94. (Google)

Marks, D. F. 1977. Imagery and consciousness: A theoretical review from an individual differences perspective. Journal of Mental Imagery 1:275-90. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Marks, D. F. 1983. Imagery and consciousness: A theoretical review. In (A. Sheikh, ed) Imagery: Current Theory, Research, and Application. Wiley. (Cited by 5 | Google)

Marks, D. F. 1990. On the relationship between imagery, body, and mind. In (P. Hampson, D. Marks, & J. Richardson, eds) Imagery: Current Developments. Routledge. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Mavromatis, A. 1987. On shared states of consciousness and objective imagery. Journal of Mental Imagery 11:125-30. (Google)

Morris, P. E. & Hampson, P. J. 1983. Imagery and Consciousness. Academic Press. (Cited by 13 | Google)

Newton, N. 1982. Experience and imagery. Southern Journal of Philosophy 21:475-87. (Cited by 6 | Google)

Richardson, A. 2000. Individual differences in visual imagination imagery. In (R. Kunzendorf & B. Wallace, eds) Individual Differences in Conscious Experience. John Benjamins. (Google)

Sheehan, P. W. & Lewis, S. E. 1974. Subjects' reports of confusion in consciousness and the arousal of imagery. Perceptual and Motor Skills 38:731-34. (Google)

6.2m Consciousness and Emotion

Adolphs, R. 2004. Could a robot have emotions? Theoretical perspectives from social cognitive neuroscience. In (J. Fellous, ed) Who Needs Emotions. Oxford University Press. (Google)

Beauregard, M. , Levesque, J. & Paquette, V. 2004. Neural basis of conscious and voluntary self-regulation of emotion. Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins. (Google)

Chiappelli, F. , Prolo, P. , Cajulis, E. , Harper, S. , Sunga, E. , & Concepcion, E. 2004. Consciousness, emotional self-regulation, and the psychosomatic network: Relevance to oral biology and medicine. Consciousness, Emotional Self-Regulation and the Brain. John Benjamins.

Cioffi, D. 1991. Sensory awareness versus sensory impression: Affect and attention interact to produce somatic meaning. Cognition and Emotion 5:275-94. (Cited by 6 | Google)

Cook, N. 2002. Tone of Voice and Mind: The Connections between Intonation, Emotion, Cognition and Consciousness. John Benjamins. (Cited by 3 | Google)

Damasio, A. 1999. The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Ma king of Consciousness. Harcourt Brace. (Cited by 638 | Google)

DeLancey, C. 1996. Emotion and the function of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3:492-99. (Cited by 1 | Google)

Dimberg, U. , Thunberg, M. , & Elmehed, K. 2000. Unconscious facial reactions to emotional facial expressions. Psychological Science 11:86-89. (Cited by 80 | Google)

Ellis, R. D. 1995. Questioning Consciousness: The Interplay of Imagery, Cognition, and Emotion in the Human Brain. John Benjamins. (Cited by 12 | Google)

Ellis, R. 2000. The Caldron of Consciousness: Motivation, Affect and Self-organization. John Benjamins. (Cited by 4 | Google)

Forgas, J. & Ciarrochi, J. 2000. Affect infusion and affect control: The interactive role of conscious and unconscious processing strategies in mood management. In (Y. Rossetti & A. Revonsuo, eds) Beyond Dissociation: Interaction between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjamins. (Google)

Gray, J. A. 1999. Cognition, emotion, conscious experience and the brain. In (T. Dalgleish & M. J. Powers, eds) Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Wiley. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Heilman, K. 2000. Emotional experience: A neurological model. In (R. Lane, L. Nadel, & G. Ahern, J. Allen, & A. Kaszniak, eds) Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 10 | Google)

Katz, J. M. 1983. Altered states of consciousness and emotion. Imagination, Cognition and Personality 2:37-50. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Kunst-Wilson, W. R. & Zajonc, R. B. 1980. Affective discrimination of stimuli that cannot be recognized. Science 207:557-58. (Cited by 136 | Google)

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Lane, R. 2000. Neural correlates of conscious emotional experience. In (R. Lane, L. Nadel, & G. Ahern, J. Allen, & A. Kaszniak, eds) Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Oxford University Press. (Cited by 29 | Google)

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6.2n Consciousness, Sleep, and Dreaming

Arden, J. B. 1996. Consciousness, Dreams, and Self: A Transdisciplinary Approach. Psychosocial Press. (Cited by 2 | Google)

Bentley, E. 2000. Awareness: Biorhythms, Sleep and Dreaming. Routledge. (Cited by 2 | Google)

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Combs, A. & Krippner, S. 1998. Dream sleep and wa king reality: A dynamical view. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Cited by 3 | Google)

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LaBerge, S. 1998. Dreaming and consciousness. In (S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, & A. Scott, eds) Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. (Cited by 4 | Google)

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6.2o Consciousness in Psychoanalysis

Balint, E. 1987. Memory and consciousness. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 68:475-483. (Google)

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Shevrin, H. , Bond, J. , Brakel, L. , Hertel, R. & Williams, W. 1996. Conscious and Unconscious Processes: Psychodynamic, Cognitive, and Neurophysiological Convergences. Guilford Press.

Shevrin, H. 1998. The Freud-Rapaport theory of consciousness. In (R. Bornstein & J. Masling, eds) Empirical Perspectives on the Psychoanalytic Unconscious. American Psychological Association. (Cited by 1 | Google)

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6.2p Consciousness and Time

Allport, D. A. 1968. Phenomenal similarity and the perceptual moment hypothesis. British Journal of Psychology 59:395-406. (Google)

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Block, R. A. 1996. Psychological time and memory systems of the brain. In (J. Fraser & M. Soulsby, eds) Dimensions of Time and Life: The Study of Time, volume 8. International Universities Press. (Cited by 5 | Google)

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6.2q Self-Consciousness

Asendorpf, J. B. , Warkentin, V. , & Baudonniere, P. 1996. Self-awareness and other-awareness. II: Mirror self-recognition, social contingency awareness, and synchronic imitation. Developmental Psychology 32q:313-321. (Cited by 20 | Google)

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6.2r Development of Consciousness

Anderson, J. R. 1984. The development of self-recognition: A review. Developmental Psychobiology 17:35-49. (Cited by 12 | Google)

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6.2s The Stream of Consciousness

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6.2t Foundational Issues

Baars, B. J. 1986. What is a theory of consciousness a theory of? The search for criterial constraints on theory. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality 1:3-24. (Google)

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6.2u Consciousness and Psychology, Misc

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