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2.7c. Prototype and Exemplar Theories of Concepts (Prototype and Exemplar Theories of Concepts on PhilPapers)

Adajian, Thomas (2005). On the prototype theory of concepts and the definition of art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (3):231–236.   (Google | More links)
Gauker, Christopher (1993). An extraterrestrial perspective on conceptual development. Mind and Language 8 (1):105-30.   (Google | More links)
Gauker, Christopher (1998). Building Block dilemmas. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):26-27.   (Google)
Abstract: Feature-based theories of concept formation face two dilemmas. First, for many natural concepts, it is hard to see how the concepts of the features could be developmentally more basic. Second, concept formation must be guided by “abstraction heuristics,” but these can be neither universal principles of rational thought nor natural conventions
Mazzone, Marco & Lalumera, Elisabetta (2010). Concepts: Stored or created? Minds and Machines 20 (1).   (Google)
Abstract: Are concepts stable entities, unchanged from context to context? Or rather are they context-dependent structures, created on the fly? We argue that this does not constitute a genuine dilemma. Our main thesis is that the more a pattern of features is general and shared, the more it qualifies as a concept. Contextualists have not shown that conceptual structures lack a stable, general core, acting as an attractor on idiosyncratic information. What they have done instead is to give a contribution to the comprehension of how conceptual structure organized around such a stable core can produce contextually appropriate representations on demand