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5.3e. Induction and Other Minds (Induction and Other Minds on PhilPapers)

Andrews, Kristin (2000). Our understanding of other minds: theory of mind and the intentional stance. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (7):12-24.   (Google)
Abstract: Psychologists distinguish between intentional systems which have beliefs and those which are also able to attribute beliefs to others. The ability to do the latter is called having a 'theory of mind', and many cognitive ethologists are hoping to find evidence for this ability in animal behaviour. I argue that Dennett's theory entails that any intentional system that interacts with another intentional system (such as vervet monkeys and chess-playing computers) has a theory of mind, which would make the distinction all but meaningless. This entailment should not be accepted; instead, Dennett's position that intentional behaviour is best predictable via the intentional stance should be rejected in favour of a pluralistic view of behaviour prediction. I introduce an additional method which humans often use to predict intentional and non-intentional behaviour, which could be called the inductive stance.
Ayer, A. J. (1953). One's knowledge of other minds. Theoria 13 (September):35-52.   (Cited by 3 | Google)
Budlong, Theodore W. (1975). Analogy, induction and other minds. Analysis 35 (January):111-112.   (Google)
Everett, Theodore J. (2000). Other voices, other minds. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):213-222.   (Google | More links)
Gellman, Jerome I. (1974). Inductive evidence for other minds. Philosophical Studies 25 (July):323-336.   (Cited by 1 | Google | More links)
Plantinga, Alvin (1966). Induction and other minds. Review of Metaphysics 19 (March):441-61.   (Google)
Plantinga, Alvin (1968). Induction and other minds II. Review of Metaphysics 12 (March):524-33.   (Google)
Ray, Peter (1976). An inductive argument for other minds. Philosophical Studies 29 (February):129-139.   (Google | More links)
Schlesinger, George N. (1974). Induction and other minds. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (May):3-21.   (Google | More links)
Slote, Michael A. (1966). Induction and other minds. Review of Metaphysics 20 (December):341-60.   (Google)